Congenital defects might affect an infant because of several factors. Every parent’s fear is to see their children suffer from these defects. One of the diseases gaining worldwide attention is craniosynostosis, a rare skull problem that may lead to alterations in the shape of the head.
Normally, a child’s skull has several bones that fuse until during infancy, giving ample time for the brain to grow. With the help of joints called cranial sutures, which are made from strong tissue, the bones are held together. The cranial sutures must remain flexible until the time the bones will fuse.
However, in the case of craniosynostosis, this is not the case.
What Happens In Craniosynostosis?
The vast majority of children with craniosynostosis have no family history of the condition. Thus, the main cause of this condition is still unclear.
It happens when there is a premature fusion of one or more cranial sutures, often resulting in an abnormally shaped head. It’s a condition causing the sutures to close too early, not allowing for the normal growth of the brain and leads to problems with skull growth.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms?
In craniosynostosis, because of the irregular shape of the skull, the infant may feel persistent headaches, learning difficulties, eye problems, and other symptoms. However, most of these symptoms emerge or happen in later childhood as a result of the increased pressure inside the skull.
How Is It Treated?
The main treatment for this condition is craniosynostosis surgery, according to CranioFacial MD. This can either be conducted during the first year of the infant’s life or it can be delayed until later childhood.
The good thing is, most of the patients with this condition recover well after the surgery and also, the appearance of the skull improves gradually.
Craniosynostosis should be treated immediately because increased intracranial pressure (ICP) could result in serious complications. Aside from that, the misshaped skull could also take a toll on the child’s self-confidence. Thus, treating the condition as soon as needed, is important to restore the child’s normal skull shape, and allow for the optimal development of the brain.